AFRICAN HEROES WHO FOUGHT AGAINST SLAVERY OR COLONIALISM

1. KING BADU BONSU II

In 1837, King Bonsu II of Ahanta’s head was cut off and sent to a museum in The Netherlands for resisting slavery.

He was betrayed by his tribesman.

He fought against colonialism by the Dutch Government.

His head was preserved in a jar.

It was returned to Ghana in 2009.

2. KING HINTSA KAKHAWUTA

In 1835, King Hintsa of the Xhosa tribe (South Africa) was shot dead by British colonialists while escaping captivity.

His ears were cut off, other parts removed and head kept in Britain.

He fought against British Imperialism.

3. EMPEROR MENELIK II

In the 1890s, Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia fought slave trade by destroying slave market towns and amputating slave traders.

He defeated Italy when they declared war against Ethiopia to colonize it.

He led Ethiopia to victory during the First Italo-Ethiopian War from 1895-1896.

4. QUEEN NZINGA

She was the Queen of the kingdoms of Ndongo and Matamba. She defeated the Portuguese Army twice, when they tried to colonise her kingdoms (1644 and 1647). She personally led her armies.

She stopped Portugal from colonising her Kingdom for several years.

5. KING OVONRAMWEN (NIGERIA)

In 1897, Oba Ovonramwen of Benin Kingdom (Nigeria) was forced into exile for fighting against British Imperialism.

British troops stole over 3,000 artifacts worth $1 billion+ from his Palace, burnt down The Great Walls of Benin & hundreds of paved villages.

He wasn’t dethroned.

6. GEN. OKHAEMWEN IRABOR (NIGERIA)

The Ologbose (Minister of Defense) of Benin Kingdom was hanged by Britain on June 27, 1899.

He led a military resistance against British Imperialism for two years (1897-1899)

It is believed that they were betrayed by their tribesman, who helped Britain.

7. KING BEHANZIN

King Behanzin of Dahomey Kingdom (Benin) tirelessly fought French colonialism.

He was betrayed by some people in his royal house.

He was defeated and forced into exile.

Anioma people of Delta North, Delta State, Nigeria fought against British Colonialism in series of uprisings during the Ekumeku Movement for 31 years (1883–1914).
Ijebu, a Yoruba subgroup also fought British Colonialism in 1892.
Aro, an Igbo subgroup fought them from 1901–02.

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