Top Sexually Transmitted Diseases You Must Know

In this Article we bring the Top Sexually Transmitted Diseases You Must Know

Although one would love to assume that this must be a aspect of problem to best metropolis dwellers, it suffices to mention that there may be a fast motion of those illnesses to rural regions as well.

It may be argued that due to loss of right orientation concerning STDs, the state of affairs in rural regions is as worse as it’s far in city regions.

However, if we’re critical as a humans in any way, this trouble must had been taken severely sufficient to draw authorities interest to begin important manage measures to save you the ones outcomes that can’t be separated from those illnesses.


Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), are viruses, bacteria, or parasites which might be unfold through sexual touch.

The unfold can be through touch with skin, mouth, genitals, or physical fluids, from vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Some STDs don’t have any cure, and best signs and symptoms may be treated; others can be cured with a easy path of antibiotics (for bacterial infections).

Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Nigeria


Chlamydia is a bacterial infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and is one of the most common diseases that can be transmitted sexually. Because the early stages of this disease usually have no signs or symptoms, Chlamydia is difficult to detect. And they usually appear one to three weeks after you’ve been exposed to Chlamydia. The signs and symptoms appear to be always mild and transient, making them easy to miss.


  • a burning sensation during urination.
  • a smelly, abnormal discharge from the vagina or penis.
  • an unusual sore on or around the genitals.
  • Swelling and pain in one or both testicles.
  • Rectal pain.
  • Anal bleeding.
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods.
  • an eye infection or pneumonia in newborns

Gonorrhea is not only a common infection in Nigeria, but it is also one of the most serious STDs that endangers our health. Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection of the genital tract caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. Bacteria can also multiply in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus. Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear within ten days of exposure. However, various studies have revealed that there are a small number of cases where people experience signs and symptoms months after infection..


  • Greater frequency or urgency of urination.
  • a plus-like discharge or drip from your penis (this discharge could be yellow, white, beige, or greenish)
  • Discoloration and swelling at the penis opening.
  • Testicular swelling or pain.
  • Itching and soreness in your anus.
  • Rectal bleeding or discharge.

Syphilis is another serious sexually transmitted disease that can be fatal if not treated promptly. Syphilis, caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, is on the rise, according to research. This is thought to be happening because the disease’s onset goes undetected. As time passes, syphilis is likely to attack the heart, brain, and nearly all internal organs..


The rash usually won’t itch and it is sometimes so faint that you won’t notice it. Other symptoms you may have can include fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and fatigue (feeling very tired)

The rash usually won’t itch and it is sometimes so faint that you won’t notice it. Other symptoms you may have can include fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and fatigue (feeling very tired)


Trichomoniasis is a bacterial infection that affects the vulva, vagina, and cervix in women and the urethra in men. Trichomonas vaginalis, a microscopic parasite, causes it. Sexual intercourse is the most common way for it to be contracted. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most people who are infected with the parasite are unaware that they are infected.

The parasite can survive outside the body for hours at a time. Trichomonasis symptoms can appear five to twenty-eight days after exposure and range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. It can be passed on through bathing suits, towels, and washcloths shared by an infected person. If you do not seek treatment, you increase your chances of contracting or spreading other STDs, including HIV.


Itching, burning, redness or soreness of the genitals; Discomfort with urination; A change in their vaginal discharge (i.e., thin discharge or increased volume) that can be clear, white, yellowish, or greenish with an unusual fishy smell.


Genital Herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can affect anyone who engages in sexual activity. Typically, the herpes virus causes sores on the vaginal area and/or anus. It can occasionally appear around the mouth. Herpes can only be suppressed; it does not go away. It can reappear, and it is contagious even when no visible sores are present. Observation shows that a patient can have four to seven flare-ups per year..


  • Pain or itching. You may experience pain and tenderness in your genital area until the infection clears.
  • Small red bumps or tiny white blisters. These may appear a few days to a few weeks after infection.
  • These may form when blisters rupture and ooze or bleed. …
  1. HIV

The most feared of these is HIV, which is an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus that interferes with the body’s ability to fight off viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Most of the time, if not treated properly, it can lead to AIDS, a chronic, life-threatening disease..


  • Night sweats.
  • Muscle aches.
  • Sore throat.
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  1. HPV

The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most commonly transmitted STI in the world and yet people here do not even know about it.

Thing is, 70% of people who have been, are, or will be sexually active, have at one point or another gotten this infection. They are tiny, non-enveloped, epitheliotropic (spread by skin contact) double stranded DNA viruses. Like I said, chances are you reading this now, if you have at any point in time been really sexually active especially if you do not take the utmost precaution (and I don’t mean condoms, lol), you possibly have had HPV.

In fact, the prevalence is thought to be much higher. It is sometimes advised that when two people want to get married, they should do so with a positive assumption that both of them already have HPV. There is a 99.7% correlation of most cervical cancer cases with this HPV. Meaning, we can trace almost every case of cervical cancer to HPV.


Most people with HPV — no matter what their gender is — don’t have any symptoms. Sometimes HPV can cause warts on your penis or vulva and around your anus. Genital warts can cause irritation and discomfort, and you can pass the HPV that caused them to other people


Also Use condoms as often as necessary.

Periodically, get curious. Examine your body and go for checkups even when you feel alright.

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